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The Final 13 Days of The Alamo

February 23 - March 6, 1836

San Antonio de Bexar, Texas, Mexican Territory


February 23, Tuesday

’El Presidente’ - Excelencio Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna y Perez de LeBron (known as General Santa Annato the Texans and Santana to the Mexicans) arrives in San Antonio de Bexar. He is sighted by a sentry in the San Fernando Church which presently sits in downtown San Antonio in its original spot. Sighting is confirmed by John Sutherland and John W. Smith. William Barret Travis moves into the Alamo and sends Sutherland and Smith to the city of Gonzales for help. Mexican troops move into the main plaza, hoisting a blood-red flag of no-quarter from the church tower. Not one to back away from a fight, Travis answers that gesture with a cannon shot from an eighteen pounder.


February 24, Wednesday

Jim Bowie, who is ill from typhoid/pneumonia, hands the command of the Alamo solely to Travis. For awhile the two had shared command...Bowie with the volunteers, Travis over the regular army. Now the Alamo stood in Travis' hands. The Mexican troops' bombardment begins. Travis will now sit and write his letter ’To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World’.


February 25, Thursday

Travis sends Juan Seguin and Antonio Cruz y Arocha to General Sam Houston to plead for more reinforcements. A cold norther ’Cierzo’ blows in around 9 p.m. Robert Brown, Charles Despallier, and James Rose burn down La Villita.


February 26, Friday

Another cold day for the Texans, a day of little rest. Green B. Jameson, the engineer in charge of making the mission a fort, leads his men in digging trenches around the mission. David Crockett and his Tennessee Volunteers begin firing back at Mexican troops.


February 27, Saturday

Mexican troops attempt to cut off the water supply to the Alamo. Santa Anna is seen by the Texans and is shot at but missed. James Butler Bonham leaves for Goliad to get a message to Col. James W. Fannin for help.


February 28, Sunday

Norther abating, the weather turns to a dreary drizzle. Little food, little rest for the Texans. The Mexican troops again attempt to cut off the water supply. That night in the Alamo, a fandango is held. A lively party, it included Crockett on fiddle and the Scottish defender McGregor on bagpipes. They hold a contest to see who could be the loudest. This is the last bit of fun the Texans will have together.


February 29, Monday

General Santa Anna reorganizes his troops.


March 1, Tuesday

At 3 a.m., 32 brave and dedicated men arrive from Gonzales to the Alamo. The men are led by John W. Smith. The Texans fire two 12 pounders at Santa Anna’s headquarters. One shot hits the general's house.


March 2, Wednesday

The Texans are weary, and are unaware of the Texas Declaration of Independence is that very day being confirmed at the Convention.


March 3, Thursday

Bonham, riding his way through Mexican troops, returns from Goliad and reports that Fannin is not coming. John W. Smith rides out with a message to the President of the Convention. Travis tells Smith he will fire an 18 pounder three times, once in the morning, once in the afternoon, and once in the evening every day for as long as the Alamo stands.


March 4, Friday

Mexican troops send shots into the north and west walls of the Alamo. Enemy entrenchments are all around the mission.


March 5, Saturday

Travis gathers his men together outside the chapel and tells them there is no hope...they will die. Taking his sword and drawing a line in front of the Alamo chapel, he then requests that those who will stay to cross the line, those who wish to go, may do so. All, including the ill Jim Bowie who had his cot carried over, crossed over...however, Moses Rose did not. He left that night. The last courier, James Allen, is sent out from the Alamo.


March 6, Sunday

2:00 a.m. Santa Anna and Gen. Juan N. Almonte discuss battle plans.

3:00 a.m. Mexican troops move into positions. Gen. Martin Cos leads the northwest corner, Gen. Duque is at the northeast, Col. Romero takes the east, and Gen. Morales is at the south. Gen. Rameriz Sesma’s cavalry is there to prevent the men in the Alamo from escaping.

4:00 a.m. Silence

5:00 a.m. The men on guard duty in the Alamo hear the first musical strains of the Deguello being played. The Deguello...no prisoners. The four Mexican columns of troops move into position while Travis’ second in command runs in to tell him the Mexicans are attacking. ’No reindirse, muchachos!’ Travis yells, ’No surrender, boys!’ Travis is included in the first ones to meet his death.

6:30 a.m. The last battle is over.

8:00 a.m. Santa Anna has already written a letter of victory.


The above timeline is taken from the one that hangs in the Long Barracks at the Alamo in San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. Many thanks to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas for displaying it.

We include a database of those who, through research, we believe were in some way involved with the Alamo from January 1 - March 6, 1836

We have two versions:-

A ’Microsoft Excel’ version and a ’Microsoft Works’ version that was sent to us by Teresa Bell. If anyone has converted the database into any other format, please let us know and we’ll include it here.